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Texas Maps and Data

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Texas State Profile

Texas State Map

Population

  • With 22,859,968 residents in 2005, Texas is the second most populated state in the U.S.
  • The total population of Texas grew 9.6 percent from 2000 to 2005 – well above the national average growth of 5.3 percent. Texas experienced the 6th largest population growth (in %) of the 50 states.
  • Texas is becoming more diverse. The percentage of Whites is declining while the percentage of Hispanics, Asians, and “two or more races” is growing.

Distribution (%) of Total Population by Race/Ethnicity from 2000 to 2005
Race/Ethnicity 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005
White 52.4% 51.8% 51.1% 50.4% 49.8% 49.2%
Hispanic, Latino 32.0% 32.8% 33.4% 34.0% 34.6% 35.1%
African-American 11.5% 11.4% 11.3% 11.3% 11.3% 11.2%
Native American, AK Native 0.3% 0.3% 0.3% 0.3% 0.3% 0.3%
Asian, Pacific Islander 2.9% 2.9% 3.0% 3.1% 3.1% 3.2%
Two or More Races 0.8% 0.8% 0.8% 0.9% 0.9% 0.9%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Population Estimates

Texas - Cities and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs)

  • The five largest cities (Metropolitan Areas) in Texas are Dallas-Fort Worth, Houston, San Antonio, Austin, and El Paso
  • Dallas-Fort Worth had an estimated population of 5,819.475 million in 2005 – the 5th largest MSA in the U.S.
  • The estimated population in Houston in 2005 was 5,280,077 – the 7th largest metropolitan area in the U.S.
  • San Antonio was the 29th largest metropolitan area with 1,889,797 residents.
  • Austin, the Capitol of Texas, had a population of 1,452,529 – ranking 38th in size among all U.S. metropolitan areas.
  • The El Paso MSA had 721,598 residents – the 68th largest in the U.S.
  • Dallas-Fort Worth and Houston grew by more than 500,000 residents between 2000 and 2005 – making them the 2nd and 5th fastest growing MSA (in numbers) in the U.S.

Texas - Income and Poverty

  • In 2004, Texas ranked 28th among the 50 states in personal income per capita ($30,732 per resident 15 and older).
  • From 1960 to 2004, Texas’ personal income per capita rose from 67 percent of the U.S. average in 1960 to 98 percent in 1980, and then declined to 93 percent in 2004 (see below).

Personal Income per Capita in Texas as a Percent of the U.S. Average from 1960 to 2004
Texas per capita income map
Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis

  • Among the 50 states, Texas has the 5th highest percentage of its total population living in poverty (17.6%) and the 6th highest percentage of children under 18 living in poverty (24.9%) – 2005 American Community Survey.

Texas - Educational Attainment

  • In 2005, Texas ranked last among the 50 states in the percentage of its adults aged 25 to 64 with at least high school diploma (80.9%).
  • Texas ranked 35th in the percentage of adults aged 25 to 64 with a bachelor’s degree or higher (26.3%) and 37th in the percentage with a graduate or professional degree (8.3%).
  • Relative to the U.S. average, Texas has higher percentages of adults who have not completed high school and who have some college but no degree, and smaller percentages who have completed high school and earned college degrees (see below).

Educational Attainment of 25 to 64 Year Olds in 2005 – Texas and the U.S. Average
Texas education attainment
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2005 American Community Survey

Texas - Workforce and Economy

  • In 2005, Texas had the 15th highest unemployment rate of all states – 5.3 percent compared to the U.S. average of 5.1 percent. (U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics)
  • The distribution of employment by occupation in Texas is similar to the nation as a whole – but notably a slightly smaller percentage of employment in professional occupations and a larger percentage in construction occupations (see below).

Distribution (%) of Employment by Occupation in 2005
Distribution (%) of Employment by Occupation in 2005
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2005 American Community Survey

  • The distribution of employment by industry in Texas is also fairly similar to the U.S. Texas has larger percentages of its employment in agriculture, construction, and retail industries and smaller percentages in education and healthcare, and manufacturing industries (see below).

Distribution (%) of Employment by Industry in 2005
Distribution (%) of Employment by Industry in 2005
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2005 American Community Survey

  • Texas ranked 14th among the states on the Progressive Policy Institute’s 2002 State New Economy Index – an index that measures the degree to which states are structured according to the new “knowledge-based” economy. (Located at: http://www.neweconomyindex.org/states/index.html)

Texas - Health and Well-Being

  • Twenty-five percent of Texas residents do not have health insurance – the highest percentage of any state in the U.S. (2005 Current Population Survey)
  • Over a quarter of Texas residents (25.7 %) are overweight enough to be labeled obese – slightly higher than the national average of 23.1 percent. (Centers for Disease Control)
  • In Texas, 201 per 100,000 residents died of cancer during the years 2000 to 2002 – slightly lower than the U.S. average of 204 per 100,000 residents (Centers for Disease Control).
  • A higher proportion of Texas residents (350 of 100,000) died of cardiovascular complication from 2000 to 2002 – higher than the national average of 333 per 100,000 residents (Centers for Disease Control).
  • On the 2005 America’s Health Rankings (United Health Foundation), Texas ranked 39th among the states in overall health. The state rankings and measures can be accessed at http://www.unitedhealthfoundation.org/ahr2005.html.

Texas - Crime and Corrections

  • In 2004, Texas had the 12th highest rate of violent crime among the 50 states (541 incidences per 100,000 residents). The U.S. rate was 466 incidences per 100,000 residents. (FBI, Uniform Crime Reports)
  • In the same year, there were 4,494 incidences of property crime per 100,000 residents in Texas (the 6th highest rate in the U.S.).
  • Texas had the 3rd highest incarceration rate per capita in 2004 – with 748 prisoners under federal and state jurisdiction per 100,000 residents. The rate of incarceration in Texas was about at the U.S. average in the 1980s then increased dramatically during the 1990s – soaring well above the U.S. average (see below).

Number of Prisoners (Federal and State) Per 100,000 Residents – Texas and the U.S. Average
Number of Prisoners (Federal and State) Per 100,000 Residents – Texas and the U.S. Average
Sources: U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics, U.S. Census Bureau

Texas Counties

State averages often mask vast disparities within states. For example, the personal income per capita in Texas ranges from $11,362 in Starr County to $89,471 in Loving County (a ratio of almost 9 to1). Also, the percentage of adults aged 25 to 64 with a bachelor’s degree or higher ranges from 6.0 percent in Newton County to 49.3 percent in Collin County.

Therefore, it is important to display regional and county differences. Many of these data are available to MyOnlineMaps.com subscribers at the state and county levels – and can be used to generate state and county maps or to download for research purposes. Furthermore, the “Resources” section of MyonlineMaps.com contains links to these and other valuable data sources.

Texas Counties

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