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Maryland Maps and Data

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Maryland State Profile

Maryland State Map

Population

  • With 5,600,398 residents in 2005, Maryland is the 16th most populated state in the U.S.
  • The total population of Maryland grew 5.7 percent from 2000 to 2005 – a growth rate slightly above the U.S. average of 5.3 percent.
  • Maryland is becoming more diverse. The percentage of Whites is declining while the percentages of Hispanics, African-Americans, and Asians are growing.

Distribution (%) of Total Population by Race/Ethnicity from 2000 to 2005
Race/Ethnicity 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005
White 62.2% 61.6% 61.0% 60.4% 59.8% 59.2%
Hispanic, Latino 4.3% 4.6% 4.8% 5.1% 5.4% 5.7%
African-American 27.9% 28.1% 28.2% 28.4% 28.6% 28.8%
Native American, AK Native 0.3% 0.3% 0.3% 0.3% 0.2% 0.2%
Asian, Pacific Islander 4.1% 4.2% 4.4% 4.5% 4.6% 4.8%
Two or More Races 1.2% 1.2% 1.3% 1.3% 1.3% 1.4%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Population Estimates

Maryland - Cities and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs)

  • The four largest cities (Metropolitan Areas) in Maryland are Baltimore-Towson, Hagerstown-Martinsburg, Salisbury, and Cumberland.
  • Baltimore had an estimated population of 2,655,675 in 2005 – the 19th largest MSA in the U.S.
  • The estimated population in Hagerstown in 2005 was 251,311 – the 171st largest metropolitan area in the U.S.
  • Salisbury was the 305th largest metropolitan area with 116,247 residents.
  • The Cumberland MSA had 100,667 residents – the 336th largest in the U.S.

Maryland - Income and Poverty

  • In 2004, Maryland ranked 4th among the 50 states in personal income per capita ($39,631 per resident).
  • Maryland’s personal income relative to the U.S. rose from 104 percent in 1960 to 120 percent in 2004 (see below).

Personal Income per Capita in Maryland as a Percent of the U.S. Average from 1960 to 2004
Maryland per capita income map
Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis

  • Among the 50 states, Maryland has the 2nd lowest percentage of its total population living in poverty (8.2%) and the 2nd lowest percentage of children under 18 living in poverty (10.8%) – 2005 American Community Survey.

Maryland - Educational Attainment

  • In 2005, Maryland ranked 22nd among the 50 states in the percentage of its adults aged 25 to 64 with at least high school diploma (90.0%).
  • Maryland ranked 5th in the percentage of adults aged 25 to 64 with a bachelor’s degree or higher (36.8%) and 3rd in the percentage with a graduate or professional degree (16.0%).
  • Relative to the U.S. average, Maryland has larger percentages of adults who have completed bachelor’s degrees and higher and smaller percentages in the other educational attainment categories (see below).

Educational Attainment of 25 to 64 Year Olds in 2005 – Maryland and the U.S. Average
Maryland education attainment
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2005 American Community Survey

Maryland - Workforce and Economy

  • In 2005, Maryland had the 14th lowest unemployment rate of all states – 4.1 percent compared to the U.S. average of 5.1 percent. (U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics)
  • Relative to the U.S. average, Maryland has a much larger percentage of its workforce employed in management and professional occupations, and smaller percentages employed in all other occupational categories (see below).

Distribution (%) of Employment by Occupation in 2005
Distribution (%) of Employment by Occupation in 2005
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2005 American Community Survey

  • The distribution of employment by industry reveals a similar pattern of employment – with larger percentages of Maryland’s employment in public administration, professional, finance, and information industries (see below).

Distribution (%) of Employment by Industry in 2005
Distribution (%) of Employment by Industry in 2005
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2005 American Community Survey

  • Maryland ranked 5th among the states on the Progressive Policy Institute’s 2002 State New Economy Index – an index that measures the degree to which states are structured according to the new “knowledge-based” economy. (Located at: http://www.neweconomyindex.org/states/index.html)

Maryland - Health and Well-Being

  • 14.6 percent of Maryland residents do not have health insurance – the 21st highest percentage in the U.S. (2005 Current Population Survey)
  • 23.9 percent of Maryland residents are overweight enough to be labeled obese – slightly higher than the national average of 23.1 percent. (Centers for Disease Control)
  • In Maryland, 207 per 100,000 residents died of cancer during the years 2000 to 2002 – higher than the U.S. average of 204 per 100,000 residents (Centers for Disease Control).
  • A higher proportion of Maryland residents (324 of 100,000) died of cardiovascular complications from 2000 to 2002 – lower than the national average of 333 per 100,000 residents (Centers for Disease Control).
  • On the 2005 America’s Health Rankings (United Health Foundation), Maryland ranked 34th among the states in overall health. The state rankings and measures can be accessed at http://www.unitedhealthfoundation.org/ahr2005.html.

Maryland - Crime and Corrections

  • In 2004, Maryland had the 3rd highest rate of violent crime among the 50 states (701 incidences per 100,000 residents). The U.S. rate was 466 incidences per 100,000 residents. (FBI, Uniform Crime Reports)
  • In the same year, there were 3,640 incidences of property crime per 100,000 residents in Maryland – above the U.S. average of 3,517.
  • Maryland had the 24th highest incarceration rate per capita in 2004 – with 419 prisoners under federal and state jurisdiction per 100,000 residents. The rate of incarceration in Maryland was at or above the national average from 1980 to 1995, then fell below the U.S. average from 1995 to 2004 (see below).

Number of Prisoners (Federal and State) Per 100,000 Residents – Maryland and the U.S. Average
Number of Prisoners (Federal and State) Per 100,000 Residents – Maryland and the U.S. Average
Sources: U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics, U.S. Census Bureau

Maryland Counties

State averages often mask vast disparities within states. For example, the personal income per capita in Maryland ranges from $21,741 in Somerset County to $56,662 in Montgomery County. Also, the percentage of adults aged 25 to 64 with a bachelor’s degree or higher ranges from 12.4 percent in Dorchester County to 57.0 percent in Montgomery County (a ratio of nearly than 5 to 1).

Therefore, it is important to display regional and county differences. Many of these data are available to MyOnlineMaps.com subscribers at the state and county levels – and can be used to generate state and county maps or to download for research purposes. Furthermore, the “Resources” section of MyonlineMaps.com contains links to these and other valuable data sources.

Maryland Counties

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