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California Maps and Data

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California State Profile

California State Map


  • With 36,132,147 residents in 2005, California is the most populated state in the U.S.
  • The total population of California grew 6.7 percent from 2000 to 2005 – above the national average growth of 5.3 percent. California experienced the largest population growth in numbers of the 50 states.
  • California is becoming more diverse. The percentage of Whites is declining while the percentage of Hispanics, Asians, and “two or more races” is growing.

Distribution (%) of Total Population by Race/Ethnicity from 2000 to 2005
Race/Ethnicity 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005
White 47.2% 46.5% 45.9% 45.2% 44.5% 43.8%
Hispanic, Latino 32.5% 33.0% 33.5% 34.1% 34.7% 35.2%
African-American 6.5% 6.4% 6.4% 6.3% 6.2% 6.2%
Native American, AK Native 0.5% 0.5% 0.5% 0.5% 0.5% 0.5%
Asian, Pacific Islander 11.4% 11.6% 11.8% 11.9% 12.1% 12.3%
Two or More Races 1.9% 1.9% 1.9% 1.9% 2.0% 2.0%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Population Estimates

California - Cities and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs)

  • The five largest cities (Metropolitan Areas) in California are Los Angeles, San Francisco, Riverside-San Bernardino, San Diego, and Sacramento.
  • Los Angeles had an estimated population of 12,923,547 in 2005 – the 2nd largest MSA in the U.S.
  • The estimated population in San Francisco in 2005 was 4,152,688 – the 12th largest metropolitan area in the U.S.
  • Riverside-San Bernardino was the 13th largest metropolitan area with 3,909,954 residents.
  • The San Diego MSA had 2,933,462 residents – the 17th largest in the U.S.
  • Sacramento, the Capitol of California, had a population of 2,042,283 – ranking 26th in size among all U.S. metropolitan areas.

California - Income and Poverty

  • In 2004, California ranked 11th among the 50 states in personal income per capita ($35,219 per resident 15 and older).
  • From 1960 to 2004, California’s personal income per capita has fallen dramatically – from 125 percent of the U.S. average to 107 percent.

Personal Income per Capita in California as a Percent of the U.S. Average from 1960 to 2004
California per capita income map
Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis

  • Among the 50 states, California has the 21st highest percentage of its total population living in poverty (13.3%) and the 20th highest percentage of children under 18 living in poverty (18.6%) – 2005 American Community Survey.

California - Educational Attainment

  • In 2005, California ranked 49th among the 50 states in the percentage of its adults aged 25 to 64 with at least high school diploma (80.9%).
  • California ranked 14th in the percentage of adults aged 25 to 64 with a bachelor’s degree or higher (30.8%) and 14th in the percentage with a graduate or professional degree (10.8%).
  • Relative to the U.S. average, California has higher percentages of adults who have not completed high school and who have some college but no degree, and higher percentages who have earned bachelor’s degrees and higher (see below).

Educational Attainment of 25 to 64 Year Olds in 2005 – California and the U.S. Average
California education attainment
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2005 American Community Survey

California - Workforce and Economy

  • In 2005, California had the 14th highest unemployment rate of all states – 5.4 percent compared to the U.S. average of 5.1 percent. (U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics)
  • The distribution of employment by occupation in California is similar to the nation as a whole – but slightly larger percentages of employment in management and professional occupations and smaller percentages in construction and production occupations (see below).

Distribution (%) of Employment by Occupation in 2005
Distribution (%) of Employment by Occupation in 2005
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2005 American Community Survey

  • The distribution of employment by industry in California is also fairly similar to the U.S. California has larger percentages of its employment in professional, scientific, and management industries and smaller percentages in education and healthcare, and manufacturing industries (see below).

Distribution (%) of Employment by Industry in 2005
Distribution (%) of Employment by Industry in 2005
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2005 American Community Survey

  • California ranked 3rd among the states on the Progressive Policy Institute’s 2002 State New Economy Index – an index that measures the degree to which states are structured according to the new “knowledge-based” economy. (Located at:

California - Health and Well-Being

  • Nineteen percent of California residents do not have health insurance – the 6th highest percentage of any state in the U.S. (2005 Current Population Survey)
  • Twenty-two percent of California residents are overweight enough to be labeled obese – slightly lower than the national average of 23.1 percent. (Centers for Disease Control)
  • In California, 192 per 100,000 residents died of cancer during the years 2000 to 2002 – lower than the U.S. average of 204 per 100,000 residents (Centers for Disease Control).
  • A higher proportion of California residents (332 of 100,000) died of cardiovascular complication from 2000 to 2002 – about the same as the national average of 333 per 100,000 residents (Centers for Disease Control).
  • On the 2005 America’s Health Rankings (United Health Foundation), California ranked 22nd among the states in overall health. The state rankings and measures can be accessed at

California - Crime and Corrections

  • In 2004, California had the 10th highest rate of violent crime among the 50 states (552 incidences per 100,000 residents). The U.S. rate was 466 incidences per 100,000 residents. (FBI, Uniform Crime Reports)
  • In the same year, there were 3,419 incidences of property crime per 100,000 residents in California (the 25th highest rate in the U.S.).
  • California had the 25th highest incarceration rate per capita in 2004 – with 465 prisoners under federal and state jurisdiction per 100,000 residents. The rate of incarceration in California remained at about the U.S. average from 1980 to 2004 (see below).

Number of Prisoners (Federal and State) Per 100,000 Residents – California and the U.S. Average
Number of Prisoners (Federal and State) Per 100,000 Residents – California and the U.S. Average
Sources: U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics, U.S. Census Bureau

California Counties

State averages often mask vast disparities within states. For example, the personal income per capita in California ranges from $20,437 in Lassen County to $69,115 in Marin County (a ratio of more than 3 to1). Also, the percentage of adults aged 25 to 64 with a bachelor’s degree or higher ranges from 10.4 percent in Yuba County to 53.7 percent in Marin County.

Therefore, it is important to display regional and county differences. Many of these data are available to subscribers at the state and county levels – and can be used to generate state and county maps or to download for research purposes. Furthermore, the “Resources” section of contains links to these and other valuable data sources.

California Counties

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